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The viruses that can cause encephalitis include:
Herpes simplex virus (HSV):
Both HSV type 1 associated with cold sores and fever blisters around your mouth and HSV type 2 associated with genital herpes can cause encephalitis. Encephalitis caused by HSV type 1 is rare but can result in significant brain damage or death.
Other herpes viruses:
These include the Epstein-Barr virus, which commonly causes infectious mononucleosis, and the varicella-zoster virus, which commonly causes chickenpox and shingles.
These viruses include the poliovirus and the coxsackievirus, which usually cause an illness with flu-like symptoms, eye inflammation and abdominal pain.
These viruses can cause infections such as West Nile, La Crosse, St. Louis, western equine and eastern equine encephalitis. Symptoms of an infection might appear within a few days to a couple of weeks after exposure to a mosquito-borne virus.
The Powassan virus is carried by ticks and causes encephalitis in the Midwestern United States, Southern, West and central Africa . Symptoms usually appear about a week after a bite from an infected tick.
Rabies virus :
Infection with the rabies virus, which is usually transmitted by a bite from an infected animal, causes a rapid progression to encephalitis once symptoms begin. Rabies is a common cause in Africa than other continents.
Childhood infections :
Common childhood infections such as 👉🏾measles (rubeola),
👉🏾mumps and German measles (rubella) used to be fairly common causes of secondary encephalitis. These causes are now common particularly in Africa.
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