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Vibrio cholerae is the causative agent responsible for cholera. It is a bean-shaped bacterium with a long tail that it uses for self-propulsion.The bacteria are transmitted between humans through the fecal-oral route; a bite of contaminated food or a sip of contaminated water can cause infection.
More specifically, a toxin secreted by the bacteria, which targets receptors in the human intestine, is responsible for the pathology characteristic of the disease.
👉🏾Uncontrolled water sources such as wells, lakes, ponds, streams and rivers pose a great threat.
👉🏾Contaminated Food 👉🏾Drinks:
👉🏾 Ingestion of contaminated food and drinks have been associated with outbreaks of cholera.
👉🏾Bottle feeding could be a significant risk factor for infants.
👉🏾Fruits and vegetables washed with contaminated water can be a source of infection.
👉🏾After preparation, cooked food may be contaminated through contaminated hands and/or flie
Are You at Risk?
Anyone can become sick with cholera. However, a few factors may make you more likely to catch cholera and more likely to have a more severe case. These risk factors include:
👉🏾Unclean conditions (such as poor sanitation and contaminated water)
👉🏾Low levels of stomach acid (cholera bacteria cannot live in highly acidic environments)
👉🏾Sick household members
👉🏾Type O blood (it’s not clear why this is true, but more people with this blood type seem to be at risk for cholera)
👉🏾Eating raw shellfish (if the shellfish live in dirty waters where the cholera bacteria live, there is greater risk of becoming ill)