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1. Vibrio cholerae is a curved and a rod shaped bacterium that is responsible for the cause of this disease. It is basically present in the free living cells of living organisms and also found in coastal water areas. It also lives in the small intestine of the human body, being one of the major contaminants in the sewage.
2. The contamination of drinking water owing to the human wasteful activities also leads to this disease. This bacterium in the small intestine releases an Exo-toxin in the body thus causes a flow of water and certain electrolytes such as the sodium bicarbonate, chloride etc, into the small intestine.
Cholerae incubates between 2 hours and 5 days before causing symptoms, according to the WHO. Most of the time, symptoms appear within 2 to 3 days of exposure to the bacteria, according to the CDC