Encephalitis viral causes - Miracle Health Care And Wellness Centre

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The viruses that can cause encephalitis include:

Herpes simplex virus (HSV): 

Both HSV type 1 associated with cold sores and fever blisters around your mouth and HSV type 2 associated with genital herpes can cause encephalitis.  Encephalitis caused by HSV type 1 is rare but can result in significant brain damage or death.

 Other herpes viruses:  

These include the Epstein-Barr virus, which commonly causes infectious mononucleosis, and the varicella-zoster virus, which commonly causes chickenpox and shingles.

Enteroviruses : 

These viruses include the poliovirus and the coxsackievirus, which usually cause an illness with flu-like symptoms, eye inflammation and abdominal pain.

Mosquito-borne viruses:  

These viruses can cause infections such as West Nile, La Crosse, St. Louis, western equine and eastern equine encephalitis. Symptoms of an infection might appear within a few days to a couple of weeks after exposure to a mosquito-borne virus.

Tick-borne viruses: 

The Powassan virus is carried by ticks and causes encephalitis in the Midwestern United States, Southern, West and central Africa . Symptoms usually appear about a week after a bite from an infected tick.

Rabies virus : 

Infection with the rabies virus, which is usually transmitted by a bite from an infected animal, causes a rapid progression to encephalitis once symptoms begin. Rabies is a common cause in Africa than other continents.

Childhood infections : 

Common childhood infections such as 👉🏾measles (rubeola),
👉🏾mumps and German measles (rubella) used to be fairly common causes of secondary encephalitis. These causes are now common particularly in Africa.

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